SEEN - SE European Bird Migration Network
Bird Conservation Activities in Egypt
Wed Ibrahim
Wadi El Rayan Protected Area, Egypt

Importance of Egypt for birds
Millions of birds pass through Egypt during the migration seasons. Egypt is located on one of the main flyways for birds coming from north and eastern Europe to spend winter in north central, western and southern Africa.

Habitat diversity   
Egypt is situated within the Mediterranean and Saharo-Sindian biomes which encompass fairly variable habitat. More than 470 species have been recorded in Egypt, about 20 of the species recorded are globally threatened, such as Ferruginous Duck, White-eyed Gull, Peregrine  Falcon.
34 sites in Egypt have been declared as IBAs according to BirdLife International criteria.

Conservation Activities
  1. International
    Egypt signed many of the conventions concerning the conservation of biodiversity and wild species from extinction.
  2. Regional
    Cooperation in preparation of regional action plans for globally vulnerable species such as Lappet-faced Vulture, Houbara Bustard. In addition - action plan for breeding sea-birds in Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.
  3. National
    Egyptian strategy, implemented by the Egyptian Nature Conservation Sector for the biodiversity welfare in addition to species and habitat protection. Three main Egyptian laws are protecting the wild bird species: Agriculture Law no. 53/1969, Law no. 4/1994 and 102/1983.
Current Monitoring Program
Bird Ringing Scheme
Started in the beginning of 2001 in cooperation with SEEN network, with establishing of a bird ringing station in Wadi El Rayan as a base for Egyptian Bird Ringing Center and bird migration studies.

  • studying migration dynamics of Passerines
  • investigating bird migration routes through Egypt
  • updating available information on Passerines in Egypt
  • establishing network of bird ringing stations in Egypt
  • capacity building of protected areas staff about bird monitoring and ringing activities
Created by Pronetix 2006