SEEN - SE European Bird Migration Network
Ringing results of Turov Ringing Station in 2000-2004
Fig. 1. Most common species caught at Turov ringing station (2000-2002)

Fig. 2. Passerines autumn migration dynamics in Prypyat valley (2000-2002)

Dimitri Zhuravliev
Institute of Zoology NAS, Turov Bird Ringing Station, Belarus

Study area is located in Southern Belarus in Middle Pripyat (Central Polessia). We caught birds on small island of about 1 km2. 60% of this island are flood plain meadows, about 20% is fen mire with Carex sp. and willow bushes, and 20% is oak forest. 
From 2000 till 2002 ringing station worked on the island. Each year nets were located at the same places. We used on average 250 m of mist-nets (min - 150 m in 2000, max – 373 m in 2001). In 2003 ringing was carried out ca. 0,5 km from previous place, and birds were caught with traps and mist-nets (about 70 m). In 2004 ringing was carried out in Turov vicinity (20 km from the ringing station) sporadically, not every day, during morning hours (Tab. 1).
In total 10226 birds of 98 species were caught and ringed. A bird species list and number of caught individuals are given in table 2.


Table 1. Ringing activities terms
Years Date
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
31 August-17 September
1 August -17 October
15 August -18 September
11 June-8 September
24 August-10 October


 
Table 2. Number of caught birds by years
Species 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Total
Ixobrychus minutus   1       1
Anas strepera       1   1
Anas platyrhynchos       5   5
Anas clypeata       2   2
Aythya fuligula   1       1
Accipiter nisus   3 7 5   15
Gallinago gallinago   18 1     19
Tringa totanus   1       1
Tringa nebularia   2       2
Tringa ochropus   2       2
Tringa glareola   15       15
Actitis hypoleucos   3       3
Cuculus canorus   2 1 1   4
Glaucidium passerinum     1     1
Strix aluco   1 3     4
Asio otus     3     3
Aegolius funereus     1     1
Caprimulgus europaeus   2 1 2   5
Alcedo atthis 1 18 8 4   31
Upupa epops     1 9   10
Jynx torquilla       2   2
Picus canus   1 1     2
Dendrocopos major 1 9       10
Dendrocopos medius 2 4 3     9
Dendrocopos leucotos 2 2 5     9
Dendrocopos minor 6 6 9 3 1 25
Alauda arvensis       4 3 7
Riparia riparia   4   19   23
Delichon urbica       4   4
Hirundo rustica 1 47 3 5   56
Hirundo rustica X Delichon urbica   1       1
Anthus trivialis 7 12 13 22   54
Anthus pratensis       15 2 17
Motacilla flava 1   2 321 2 326
Motacilla alba   1 1 190 10 202
Troglodytes troglodytes 11 27 5   1 44
Prunella modularis 10 88 38     136
Erithacus rubecula 148 459 211 4 12 834
Luscinia luscinia 2 25 7     34
Luscinia svecica   14 8 2 1 25
Phoenicurus ochruros       1   1
Phoenicurus phoenicurus 4 16 7 2   29
Saxicola rubetra   11 1 19   31
Turdus merula 3 41 14 1   59
Turdus pilaris 3 50 2 1 1 57
Turdus philomelos 14 47 22 1 2 86
Turdus iliacus   1       1
Locustella naevia 1         1
Locustella fluviatilis 2 11 12 2   27
Locustella luscinioides 4 8 7 1   20
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus 35 143 132 29 7 346
Acrocephalus palustris 3 21 19 1   44
Acrocephalus scirpaceus 2 15 39   2 58
Acrocephalus arundinaceus 1 1 2     4
Hippolais icterina 2 8 6     16
Sylvia nisoria   1 2 1   4
Sylvia curruca 12 70 71 14 1 168
Sylvia communis 8 62 52 27 1 150
Sylvia borin 11 124 44 4 2 183
Sylvia atricapilla 37 223 176 2   438
Phylloscopus trochiloides   1       1
Phylloscopus sibilatrix 5 32 31 1   69
Phylloscopus collybita 159 993 306 8 133 1599
Phylloscopus trochilus 53 286 168 34 23 564
Regulus regulus 4 26 6     36
Muscicapa striata 14 91 99 2 1 207
Ficedula parva   6 6 1   13
Ficedula albicollis   1 1     2
Ficedula hypoleuca 4 74 61 3 1 143
Aegithalos caudatus 29 141 59   10 239
Parus palustris 3 2 3     8
Parus montanus 23 95 25 3 1 147
Parus ater   12 3     15
Parus caeruleus 195 445 200 1 13 854
Parus cyanus 6 12 11     29
Parus major 176 551 147 7 34 915
Sitta europaea 9 20 6     35
Certhia familiaris 16 34 20     70
Remiz pendulinus     2     2
Oriolus oriolus   1   3 1 5
Lanius collurio 3 19 4 8   34
Lanius excubitor   2 1   1 4
Garrulus glandarius 18 5 11 1 2 37
Pica pica   1       1
Corvus corone       1   1
Sturnus vulgaris       26   26
Passer montanus 26 19 17 37   99
Passer domesticus         1 1
Fringilla coelebs 16 118 48 23 2 207
Fringilla montifringilla   19       19
Carduelis chloris 1 9 13 1   24
Carduelis carduelis   1   7   8
Carduelis spinus   36       36
Carpodacus erythrinus   1       1
Pyrrhula pyrrhula   15     8 23
Coccothraustes coccothraustes   9     1 10
Emberiza citrinella   19 7 3 1 30
Emberiza schoeniclus 66 148 611 170 45 1040
TOTAL 1160 4867 2807 1066 326 10226


The most numerous species is Phylloscopus collybita - 17,4% of the total number of caught birds (2000-2002 data). The most common species were Parus major, Parus caeruleus, Erithacus rubecula, Phylloscopus trochilus and Sylvia atricapilla (Fig. 1).

Passerines autumn migration dynamics in Prypyat valley was characterized by two peaks (Fig. 2). The first peak (the second half of August) caused by passages of birds from genus  Sylvia, Acrocephalus, familia Muscicapidae. The second (end of September – beginning October) – by genus Parus, Phylloscopus and Erithacus rubecula.

Table.3 Number of orientation experiments
Species 2000 2001 2002 Total
Erithacus rubecula 56 89 71 216
Sylvia atricapilla 20 64 42 126
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus 16 34 46 96
Phylloscopus collybita 34 17 43 94
Phylloscopus trochilus 2 35 26 63
Sylvia borin 7 32 16 55
Sylvia communis 3 32 18 53
Muscicapa striata   19 21 40
Sylvia curruca 3 19 16 38
Ficedula hypoleuca   14 16 30
Luscinia luscinia   16   16
Acrocephalus scirpaceus     16 16
Phylloscopus sibilatrix 1 13 2 16
Turdus pilaris   9   9
Luscinia svecica   7   7
Locustella fluviatilis   5   5
Acrocephalus palustris     4 4
Hippolais icterina 1   1 2
Total 143 405 338 886


Two foreign recoveries on our birds were obtained. Emberiza schoeniclus ringed on 15 September 2001 was caught  25 January 2002 in Pest, Hungary.  Turdus philomelos ringed 17 September 2001 was shot 10 October 2001 in Cesena, Italia. 24th September 2001 we caught adult female Parus major with Belgrade ring.
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