SEEN - SE European Bird Migration Network
Bird ringing results in three ornithological stations in Lithuania in 2005 & 2006

Ričardas Patapavičius1, Vytautas Jusys2, Vytautas Pareigis3
1 Lithuanian Bird Ringing Centre, Zoological Museum, Laisves al. 106, LT-44253 Kaunas, Lithuania
2 Ornithological Station, Ventes ragas, Kintai, LT-99361 Šilute distr., Lithuania
3 Misko g. 4, Juodkrante, LT-93102 Neringa, Lithuania 1, 2, 3

There are three Bird Ringing Stations in Lithuania: Ventes ragas Ornithological Station, Neringa Bird Ringing Station and Juodkrante Bird Ringing Station. All these Stations also operated in 2005 and 2006, except a spring in 2006 when bird ringing was forbidden due to a ?risk? of Bird Influenza. This has been done by the Ministry of the Environment of Lithuanian Republic. Vent÷s ragas Ornithological Station is located on the eastern shore of the Courish Lagoon (55?21?N 21?12?E) and operates all year round. Different traps (one ?Great? trap, four ?Zigzag? traps, mist-nets and other traps) were used for trapping birds. A biotope of this Station is a shore of Lagoon, reedbeds, willow bushes, alder and other tress. In the Station a total of 69,762 birds of 97 species were ringed in 2005 and 62,468 birds of also 97 species in 2006. These figures are lower the mean annual figure (76,122 birds) during the last decade (1995-2004). Neringa Bird Ringing Station is located in the Courish Spit (peninsula) (55?27?N 21?04?E), which is a narrow land between the Baltic Sea and The Courish Bay (Lagoon). The Station with one Rybachy type trap is located in about 30 km from the northern tip of the Spit (exactly in the same place since the beginning, 1962). The trap is adopted to trap birds flying south-west direction. The Station operates only in autumns. A biotope of this Station is dray pine-birch-juniper young forest. In 2005 a total of 9,017 birds of 30 species were trapped and ringed in the Station. The Station operated from September 18 till November 18. For year 2006 these figures and dates are as follows: 2,058 birds, 23 species, from September 21 till November 6. Juodkrante Bird Ringing Station is located also in the Courish Spit (see above) on the coast of the Courish Bay (Lagoon) (55?31?N 21?07?E) just ca. 0.5 km to north from the Juodkrant÷ settlement. The Station operates in springs and autumns. A biotope is reedbeds, willow bushes, alder trees and small water bodies. Only mist-nets are used for bird trapping. An overall length of all mistnets is ca. 230 metres. In 2005 a total numbers of ringed birds are as follows: 1,902 birds of 52 species in spring and 6,194 birds of 55 species in autumn. A total number of birds ringed in autumn 2006 is nearly twice less than in previous year ? 3,522 birds of 49 species. In autumn 2005 was very strong irruption of Long-tailed Tits (Aegithalos caudatus) and Common Redpolls (Carduelis flammea). The numbers of these two species ringed per season were the biggest ever ringed in all three Stations. One other species ? Goldcrest (R. regulus) ? are worth to mention having second best trapping results. A number of Blue and Great Tits (Parus caeruleus, P. major) was less than a mean annual figure during last decade (1995-2004). Rarities were represented by two Palla?s Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus proregulus), two Yellow-browed Warblers (Phylloscopus inornatus), one Hume?s Warbler (Phylloscopus humei), five Firecrests (R. ignicapillus) and one Eurasian Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla) (three days later, on April 25, this bird was retrapped in Russia, at ?Fringilla? Bird Ringing Station on Courish Spit). In 2006 two species had second biggest figures ever ringed per year. These species are Willow Tit (Parus montanus) and Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs). A number of Blue and Great Tits (Parus caeruleus, P. major) as well as in 2005 was less than a mean annual figure during last decade (1995-2004). Rarities were represented by one Subalpine Warbler (Sylvia cantillans) ? the first for Lithuania, was trapped in Ventes ragas on May 7, two Yellow-browed Warblers (Phylloscopus inornatus), two Firecrests (R. ignicapillus) and one Siberian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica).

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